House Construction Steps
Locating land for constructing your dream home is very important. Identify the Land according to your choice. Always take the advice of an architect preferably with sound knowledge in Vastu and Kerala building rules to check and verify the plot which you have in mind. The Architect should be able to guide you considering Vastu Principles, soil conditions, and the latest building rules applying to your plot of land.
Verify with local authority office like Panchayath/municipality/Corporation whether there is any objection in building a house in that specific plot with respect to the survey no of your said plot. Also, make a point to check that your plot has no legal complications.
2. Design Process
Before finding/meeting up with an architect make a rough requirement list for your home. This process should cover the basic concepts of your home, such as living space, no: of bedrooms you want, Guest bedrooms, Hall, kitchen, Bathrooms, where you want the stairs, car porch, Garden/landscaping/Pond etc.. You should involve your family also, ask their likes and suggestions. Visit your friends, talk to neighbours about pros and cons of their property and what they would like to improve. Stages of work at a glance.
3. Funding/ budgeting
How much will a house cost you to build? There has been a tremendous increase in the cost of house construction in Kerala. These days the normal running rate per square feet is anywhere between 2000 - 4500 + Rs including materials and labour. One should always make a note on the available cash at hand and also you may approach banks for loans ..in that way you come to know how much you can spare.
4. The Architect
Arrange a meeting with the architects. Talk through design goals and then fix an Architect, he will draw up schematics for consideration coupling functionality, room-by-room layouts, finding the best furniture positioning and use of space. Recommending structural changes where this seeks to make space work better. A 2D sketch is developed, which is then further refined and made to a 3D model, you can consult with the architect and his team to develop the final 3D Model of your house as well as an elevation. An approved architect will develop drawings for Panchayat /City municipality / Corporation to approve.
5. Building Permits
Permit to build your home is issued by the local governing bodies such as Panchayath / Municipality /Corporation which is normally validity for 2 years.
6. Building Contractor
Finding a good building Contractor is the next biggest task. And ideally, you have to identify a builder, plumber, mechanical, electrical contractor. But if you can find a good, reliable and reasonable contractor you can save your time and money. Always ask his method of working and check how reliable he is. You may visit and see some of his previous projects and speak with his previous clients. If he has good
You may visit and see some of his previous projects and speak with his previous clients. If he has good credentials, technical know-how and is also good at giving a quality work output then you can consider him as your Contractor.
7. Construction Process
Site Clearance -- Before starting any construction work it becomes necessary to clear the place from the unwanted grass, boulder etc. In case of any hill like appearance on the ground, that too needs to be cleared of the excess earth and if there is a pit, it is required to be filled up. This total job is called site clearance.
Break Ground & Excavation-- After the site clearance, the layout of the structure at the site can be planned with respect to the given foundation plans. Begin earth excavation and take trenches accordingly.
Foundation-- A foundation is the lower portion of building a structure that transfers its gravity loads to the earth. Foundation work is done according to drawings provided by the Architect. i.e. the size of foundation, depth, length and breadth etc. and type of foundation (Rubble Packing or Raft and beams etc ..
Superstructure -- Super-structure is to provide support in the construction of the building as per designed plan and various members of super-structure such as columns and beams are designed to provide strength for carrying the dead load and live load expected to come on the various parts of the structure in a safe and well-distributed manner. After casting the roofing slab necessary waterproofing coatings shall be done.
Stairs -- Vastu instructs and recommends to have rising stair steps going up in North-South direction or West-East direction if it is spiral stair steps going up in clockwise direction. But due to constraints on building design, it is not always possible to follow Vastu recommendations. Latest Handrail Designs.Stairs made of Wood and Glass.
Boundary Wall and Gates -- Compound walls should be built ideally just before beginning major construction activities, it is to protect the site and the material stored in the storage shed, from the outside environments and from thieves. Latest gate designs.